Argentina is located in the southern part of South America. The country is washed by the Atlantic Ocean. The main river is Paraná. Argentina occupies a land area of 2.8 million square kilometers. The country is home for 40 million people. More than 80% of the population is townspeople. The capital Buenos Aires is one of the largest cities in the world. The official language is Spanish. The most common faith is Catholicism. The monetary unit of the country is peso. The head of state is the president.
Buenos Aires is situated in the heart of Argentina, is also known as the cosmopolitan capital, the gateway to South America, and for many reasons a very exciting city. Buenos Aires is divided into quarters that differ from each other.
Argentina is a very large country, which owns a number of unique places of interest. Iguazu Falls is one of the greatest natural wonders in the world; it is located approximately 24 km from the place of the junction of Iguazu and Parana rivers. There are wine regions to the west of Buenos Aires, around the vibrant city of Mendoza. To the south of Buenos Aires, the Atlantic Coast attracting visitors by the beaches of the cities of Mar del Plata and Pinamir, is located. Furthermore, in few hours by ferry from Buenos Aires, a tourist can get to the quiet town of Colonia del Sacramento in Uruguay. The city is known for its ancient architecture. One of the areas of the city is listed by UNESCO.
Further to the south, you can see the majestic region of Patagonia. In the Patagonian Andes there is a breathtaking city Bariloche. Bariloche is called Argentinean Switzerland because of its unsurpassed beauty of lakes and forests, clean clear air, and stunning ski resorts. El Calafate is a city of Southern Patagonia, near Glacier National Park, with its famous Perito Moreno glacier. This glacier divides the Argentine lake in two parts - the South and the Rich Sea. On the Atlantic coast of Argentina the Peninsula Valdes is situated. This is a unique area, a place of concentration of marine life, home to huge flocks of seagulls, flamingos, cormorants and penguins. It is a place where whales’ families come to give birth. The period of the whales’ habitation in these waters drag on from June to December. The southernmost region of Argentina is Isla Grande de Tierra Del Fuego, a group of 40,000 islands and the closest point to the Antarctic.